Women inhabit the city

Oral memory and heritage of the city of Castelló

Women's stories that explain the heritage and history of the city of Castelló

Women inhabit the city (Ellas habitan la ciudad) is a research and cultural mediation project driven by the Museu de la Ciutat de Castelló. It is a set of activities whose main objective is to promote knowledge of the history and cultural heritage of the city from a gender perspective.

Stories that explain the city in their own voice

We collected testimonies from women of different ages, backgrounds, professions and ideologies who live in Castelló de la Plana. The narration of their experiences and knowledge tells a story in which women become active historical subjects, contributing to rethinking our knowledge of the social reality of the city as a whole. The museum thus becomes a space for dialogue and reflection in which citizens play an active role. A space that favours the acquisition of a historical awareness based on knowledge of the past for the transformation of the future.

Only one part of the story

Often, when we learn about the history of a place, we are told about important events featuring famous people, events and places of great historical or artistic value. However, this is only part of the story.

The historical invisibility of women and their exclusion from the official narrative make it necessary to use gender as a basic tool for explaining social organisation and relations. For this reason, the activities of Women inhabit the city are organised around thematic areas related to the contemporary history of our city – work in textile factories, local commerce, care or spaces for socialisation.

The approach to these themes takes into account the public and private spheres in which the different gender roles are played out. They are stories of everyday life, anecdotes and ways of doing things from the past that give us a deeper understanding of how our society works.

The meetings: women tell the story of the city

Meetings with women who share their experiences and knowledge about topics related to the city’s most recent history.

Information about the meetings
Dates: 10 March 2022 / 27 April 2022 / 19 May 2022 / 16 June 2022
Time: : from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Place: courtyard of the Ethnological Museum of Castelló
Admission: free with prior booking required (info@mucc.es or +34 964 735 217)
Audience: young and adult audiences



Maximum capacity:

30 persons





The work of women in the textile factories of Castelló

Pilar Bonet, Mari Luz Basilio, Teresa Calduch i M.ª Dolores Carrillo

During the first half of the 20th century, the textile industry developed in the city of Castelló. In addition to the workshops, looms, and dressmakers that already existed, factories that produced stockings, socks, or knitwear appeared. One of the most outstanding examples is the Dávalos factory, the building of which is still preserved. Even so, most of the buildings that occupied these factories have disappeared, as is the case of the Julio Folch socks and stockings factory, which was located on Pérez Galdós avenue, or the Vicente Saborit knitwear factory, located between Lagasca street and Hermanos Bou avenue.

Starting in the 1960s, new industrial buildings were built on Vall d’Uixó avenue. Some of these were dedicated to the textile industry, among which the Marie Claire and Dusen factories stand out. These textile factories worked until recently and their workforces were mostly made up of women.

This meeting includes the conversation that took place in the courtyard of the Museum of Ethnology in Castelló on March 10, 2022. The meeting was attended by women who worked in some of these factories for much of their professional career. Their witnesses provide us with information on the distribution of work according to sex and the characteristics of the assigned roles. In addition to the working day, the workers shared experiences and ways of understanding life.

El treball de les dones a les fàbriques tèxtils de Castelló 4

Pilar Bonet, Mari Luz Basilio, Teresa Calduch i M.ª Dolores Carrillo

Durant la primera meitat del segle xx, la indústria tèxtil es va desenvolupar a la ciutat de Castelló. A més dels tallers, telers i modistes que ja existien, van aparéixer fàbriques que produïen calces, calcetins o gèneres de punt. Un dels exemples més destacats és la fàbrica Dávalos, l’edifici de la qual encara es conserva. Tanmateix, la majoria dels edificis que ocupaven aquestes fàbriques han desaparegut, com és el cas de la fàbrica de calcetins i calces de Julio Folch, que es trobava a l’avinguda Pérez Galdós, o la fàbrica de gèneres de punt de Vicente Saborit, situada entre el carrer Lagasca i l’avinguda Germans Bou.

A partir dels anys 60 es van construir noves naus industrials a l’avinguda Vall d’Uixó. Algunes d’aquestes es van dedicar a la indústria tèxtil, entre les quals destaquen especialment les fàbriques de Marie Claire i Dusen. Aquestes fàbriques del tèxtil van funcionar fins fa poc i les seues plantilles estaven compostes majoritàriament per dones.

Aquesta trobada recull la conversa que va tenir lloc al pati del Museu d’Etnologia de Castelló el dia 10 de març de 2022. En la trobada van participar dones que van treballar en algunes d’aquestes fàbriques durant gran part de la seua trajectòria professional. Els seus testimonis ens aporten informació sobre el repartiment del treball segons el sexe i les característiques dels rols assignats. A més de la jornada laboral, les treballadores compartien experiències i formes d’entendre la vida.

The interviews: the city listens to women

Audiovisual archive presenting the complete interviews with the women who participated in the project. The interviews are organised in the following thematic areas: the textile factory, local trade and social life.

Objects: inhabited heritage

Digital catalogue made up of objects and photographs that help to illustrate the testimonies gathered during the research. The cards accompanying each photograph provide contextual information on the provenance, date and use of the objects.