Republican Castelló Itinerary
The Second Republic (1931-1939) was the first period of democratic government in the history of the Spanish State. It was a modernising effort, with important social and economic transformations, accompanied by a significant cultural drive across many sectors; a period not without social conflict and volatility.
The itinerary includes an initial introductory panel and 10 points of interest indicated with numbered plates on the ground.
Travel the itinerary
Choose the mode that best suits you and enjoy the visit
Take a self-guided tour by following the stops and using a printed guide, which can also be downloaded.
Languages: Spanish, Valencian and English
Visit with audio guide
The audioguide and the digital map can be downloaded on a mobile device.
Access online to the audioguide and map of the route on:
Languages: Spanish, Valencian and English
Official guided visit*
Location Initial itinerary panel
12001 Castelló de la Plana
How to get there
The Second Republic (1931-1939) was the first period of democratic government in the history of the Spanish State. It was a modernising effort, with important social and economic transformations.
The proclamation of the Second Republic after the municipal elections of 12th April 1931 brought about an important cultural drive by the new municipal government. ??????The Pavilion is a place where concerts are played.
During the Second Republic, the main holidays were on the 7th, 8th and 9th July and commemorated the liberal triumph over Carlism. They were the most prominent festivities of the civil power in the city. They were held in the Ribalta Park around the Obelisk.
3.Commemorative plaque to González Chermá
The emergence of republicanism in the city was linked to the figure of Francisco González Chermá (1832-1896) and his political persona. Born in Castelló, a cobbler by profession, he was the first Republican mayor of Castelló from 1869 to 1871.
4.Air-raid shelter / Post Office building
On 23rd March 1937, the city of Castelló was bombed for the first time by the Baleares cruiser. Consequently, air-shelters were built to protect the civilian population. The coats of arms on the façades of the Modernist Post Office building represent the liberal symbols adopted by the Republic.
5.Ribalta Secondary School
35, Rey don Jaime Avenue
High illiteracy was seen during the Second Republic, more than 30 % of the population, with a higher percentage among women, as well as a lack of schooling. Education was a priority in the politics of the Republic governments and one of the most debated social issues.
Vera Street / J. García Street
The arrival of the Republic was motivated by political, economic, social and cultural causes that led to the collapse of the Restoration regime, the victory of the Republican parties in the municipal elections of 12th April 1931 and the exile of King Alfonso XIII. In Castelló, on 14th April 14,000 people took to the streets to celebrate the proclamation of the Second Republic through the centre of the city.
7.Normes de Castelló
25, Caballeros Street
The “Normes de Castelló” were signed on 21st December 1932 at Casa Matutano, which currently hosts the Municipal Ethnological Museum. The “Normes de Castelló” have been declared an Asset of Cultural Interest.
With industrialisation came more leisure time. The population could develop their personal growth and sociability in going to the cinema, theatre and playing sports.
8.The Rural Police Union
16, Virgen del Lidón Avenue
The Rural Police Union was established in 1898. Its aim was to fight against robberies and break-ins and to defend the farming lands from cattle invasions.This building was built for the Rural Police in 1931. There is a coat of arms showing the Republican State.
Nonrestricted-access areas can be visited.
9.Caserna de la Guàrdia d’Assalt
Ronda de la Magdalena, 92
La Guàrdia d’Assalt va ser creada per la República el 1932. Era el cos armat encarregat del manteniment de l’ordre públic, més propi de les zones urbanes, per a protegir la població en un règim democràtic.
Vinatea Avenue and Padre Vela Street
The creation of a worker cooperative to build homes was a response to the lack of housing. In Republican times, there were two cooperatives: Cooperativa Casas Baratas Pablo Iglesias, of the UGT union, and Cooperativa Obrera de Casas Baratas, managed by La Unión Workers’ Centre.